Nikola Tesla, was one of the most important inventors of the 20th Century with over 700 world-wide patents to his name.
He was born on July 10, 1856 in Smiljan, Lika, which was then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, region of Croatia. His father, Milutin Tesla was a Serbian Orthodox Priest and his mother Djuka Mandic was an inventor in her own right of household appliances. Tesla studied physics at the Realschule, Karlstadt in 1873, the Polytechnic Institute in Graz, Austria and the University of Prague. At first, he intended to specialize in physics and mathematics, but soon he became fascinated with electricity. He began his career as an electrical engineer with a telephone company in Budapest in 1881. It was there, as Tesla was walking with a friend through the city park that the elusive solution to the rotating magnetic field flashed through his mind. With a stick, he drew a diagram in the sand explaining to his friend the principle of the induction motor. Before going to America, Tesla joined Continental Edison Company in Paris where he designed dynamos. While in Strassbourg in 1883, he privately built a prototype of the induction motor and ran it successfully. Unable to interest anyone in Europe in promoting this radical device, Tesla accepted an offer to work for Thomas Edison in New York. His childhood dream was to come to America to harness the power of Niagara Falls.
He died in 1943
Among others things he became famous by his development of the alternating current and a transformer for high frequency alternating currents with high voltage and small amperage (therapeutic application: Diathermy). This led to the development of neon tubes, radio transmission, remote control and hundreds of other applications, which even today play an important part in our daily life.
In accordance with the judgement of the American Federal High Court of 6.21.1943, the patents for the radio belong to him and not to Marconi!
Further inventions like a two-phase induction motor, three-phase current system and multi-phase engines, are based in the areas of energy and magnetism, weak power production and – transfer.
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